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Rayagada district lies in the North Eastern Ghat Agro climate zone with a warm and humid climate. The mean Annual rainfall of the district is 1597 mm and soil type is mainly brown forest soil with low organic matter content. Mangos, Banana, Litchi, and Jackfruit are the dominant fruit crops and Ginger and Turmeric are the main spices crops of the district. The Rayagada revenue district is divided into two Horticulture subdivisions i.e. Rayagada and Gunupur. Due to variation in altitude and favourable agro-ecology, the KBK region of the state holds a vast potential for development of horticulture, particularly fruits and vegetables.
Among the horticultural crops the largest area is under vegetable cultivation which is about 62 percent of the total area under horticultural produce followed by fruits (21%), spices (13%) and plantation crops (4%), while the production share of vegetable crops among all horticultural crops are 83 percent followed by fruits (15%) and spices (2%). The cultivation of flowers is a recent introduction and covers only about 0.02 percent.
Higher altitude of KBK region produces off-season vegetable to feed the consuming markets within the state as well as in the neighbouring states like, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and other parts of the state.
Mango is traditionally grown throughout the regions while pineapple, Kagzi lime and oranges are traditionally grown in parts of Rayagada and Malkangiri districts.
The guavas of Kalahandi and Nuapada are comparable to the best elite varieties
Recently banana has come up as commercial crop in parts of Rayagada, Kalahandi, Bolangir and Malkangiri districts.
The farmers to some extent have adopted even the hybrid vegetables. Onion is grown mostly in Bolangir, Kalahandi and Nuapada districts.
Improved varieties of ginger (fibreless) and turmeric are mostly grown organically in parts of the Koraput district.
Cashew, although a new introduction in the region, but has become popular in Nawrangpur, Koraput and Malkangiri districts.
The development in horticulture is inhibited due to the lack of post harvest infrastructure and poor marketing opportunities.
In addition to abundant raw material availability, Rayagada district has also got good connectivity for rail, air and road transport.
Nearest air port is at Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh), 180 kms away which is well connected with New Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Mumbai, Hyderabad and Bangalore.
Rayagada is well connected by rail connectivity with direct passenger and goods train to almost all parts of India. It also has a railway container depot for southern Odisha and acts as hub for many mega industries of the adjoining region.